That could secure the conservative majority some have been campaigning 30 years for. Democrats are voicing alarm about what the new justice could mean for charged issues such as abortion rights and gay rights.
The Supreme Court building is seen in Washington in this June 26, 2017 photo. Multiple sources told ABC News that as of Sunday, the final four individuals Trump was considering for the vacancy were Kavanaugh, Amy Coney Barrett, Raymond Kethledge and Thomas Hardiman, all federal appeals court judges.
Both were invited to the White House on Monday to participate in Trump's announcement, but they both declined the invitation.
President Trump has made his decision, and the next person to face the Senate Supreme Court confirmation gauntlet will be D.C. Circuit Judge Brett Kavanaugh. Three of the most endangered Senate Democrats - Sens.
"As I have always said, I believe the Senate should hold committee hearings; Senators should meet with him, we should debate his qualifications on the Senate floor and cast whatever vote we believe he deserves".
With Senator John McCain battling cancer in his home state of Arizona, Republicans can now only muster 50 votes.
Democrats have turned their attention to pressuring two Republicans, Sens.
That could imperil support from Republican moderates in the Senate, especially Alaska's Lisa Murkowski and Maine's Susan Collins.
He recently voiced disagreement with a court decision allowing a teenage unauthorized immigrant to get an abortion.
Although the kickoff of the battle for the court occurred with Trump's nomination, the lines of argument worked for all the court finalists.
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On the Democratic side, the focus will be on Sens. More importantly, JCN will be targeting the ad in red states with Democrat Senators: Alabama, North Dakota, Indiana and West Virginia.
McConnell has promised a vote on the nomination before the November midterms, ensuring the outcome will be an issue before voters. If McCain were to miss the vote, only one GOP defection would be needed to block the nomination if all Democrats were opposed.
While the president has been pondering his choice, his aides have been preparing for what is expected to be a tough confirmation fight.
Senate Majority Leader Mitch McConnell, R-Ky., called Kavanaugh "extremely well qualified" and envisioned a different kind of bipartisanship - one that would lead to the nominee's confirmation.
It is a decision that could way out live the president himself.
"I will oppose Judge Kavanaugh's nomination with everything I have, and I hope a bipartisan majority will do the same", Senate Democratic Leader Charles Schumer of NY said in a statement. While that argument won't sway Republicans, their strategy could stiffen Democratic resolve to oppose the nominee.
Much of the groundwork for a successful confirmation comes in private meetings that the nominee will have with individual senators in the coming weeks. Gorsuch met with almost three-quarters of the Senate in advance of his hearings.
All of the candidates are relatively young and could help shape legal doctrine on the high court for decades to come.
Barrett, who is 46, has less of a judicial record to review, having just been nominated to the appeals court by Trump a year ago. A negative recommendation or no recommendation merely alerts the Senate that a substantial number of committee members have reservations.
But even as Republicans celebrate, they know a bitter fight lies ahead. The two have supported access to abortion services. A marathon runner, he also is a reader at his Catholic church and tutors students, Walker said.
While conservatives have so far chose to focus on Democratic senators, liberals have crafted a divided strategy for pressuring both Democrats and Republicans.