Ayatollah Ali Khamenei has prepped Iranian scientists to increase its uranium enrichment capacity if its controversial nuclear deal with the USA falls apart.
Israeli Prime Minister Benjamin Netanyahu embarks Monday on a three-day European tour in Germany set to be dominated by strategic differences on Iran, as leaders attempt to rescue the nuclear deal after United States withdrawal.
Iran is to inform the United Nations' nuclear agency that it is beginning the process of increasing its capacity to enrich uranium on Tuesday.
"We [Europeans] believe that the JCPOA is an opportunity to keep Iran's nuclear activities under control for a specified time, and prevent a nuclear-armed Iran", she told a joint news conference with Israeli Prime Minister Benjamin Netanyahu, following their meeting in Berlin.
The German Chancellor met Mr Netanyahu on Monday to discuss, among other issues, the importance of the Iran nuclear deal as she tried to convince the Israeli leader to reconsider his opposition to it.
"Our enemies will never be able to halt our nuclear progress.It is their bad dream and will not happen", Iranian Supreme Leader Ayatollah Ali Khamenei said in a televised speech.
"In a letter that will be handed over to the International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA)".
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Ayatollah Khamenei set out several conditions for staying in the nuclear deal with the remaining world powers, including protection of Iranian oil sales and safeguarding of trade.
Under the deal, the Islamic Republic curbed its capacity to enrich uranium for nuclear fuel and in return won a lifting of most worldwide sanctions that had hobbled its economy.
The deal allows Iran to continue 3.67 percent uranium enrichment, far below the roughly 90 percent threshold of weapons-grade.
The European powers argue it is the best way to head off a regional arms race and have vowed with Russian Federation and China, the two other signatory countries, to keep it alive.
Since president Donald Trump's announcement of the US's unilateral exit on May 8, European Union leaders have pledged to try to keep Iran's oil trade and investment flowing but admitted that will not be easy to do.
Trump abandoned the agreement on May 8, arguing that he wanted a bigger deal that not only limited Iran's atomic work but also reined in its support for proxies in Syria, Iraq, Yemen and Lebanon and that curbed its ballistic missile program. He also said Iran could no longer have any dealings with the US.
Iran has said the United States' decision to pull out of the deal goes against worldwide law, a point Kinzinger ridiculed.