Muslim devotees are required to abstain from food, drink and sex from dawn to dusk during Ramadan.
Fasting in the month of Ramadan, one of the five pillars of Islam, is a compulsory religious obligation on all adult Muslims.
The holy month is concluded with celebrations of Eid-A-Fitr in the first day of the next month where people celebrate the festival lavishly by wearing new clothes and offer Namaz.
Pakistani Muslim men buy dates at a market ahead of the Muslim fasting month of Ramadan in Karachi.
The month lasts 29-30 days based on the visual sightings of the crescent moon.
An Iraqi woman shops at a store in the central holy city of Najaf, a day before the start of the holy Muslim month of Ramadan. Muslims are encouraged to spend time in contemplation, prayer, reading the Quran and charity during the day.
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The governor wished them a peaceful and fruitful Ramadan.
An Afghan vendor prepares prayer beads for sale ahead of the holy month of Ramadan at Pul-e-Khishti Mosque in Kabul.
Apart from being a traditional event, Commission on Elections chief of Judicial Records Division Dr. Saga Mabaning said that moon sighting is a significant event for Muslims nationwide as "it shows that they are one in conducting their religious rites just like the Christians who are united in performing their religious activities".
Yemenis shop in a market in the old city of the capital Sanaa, as the faithful prepare for the start of the Muslim holy fasting month of Ramadan.
The Minister of Mines and Steel Development and governorship candidate of the All Progressives Congress in Ekiti State, Dr Kayode Fayemi, and a governorship aspirant of the APC in Osun State, Kunle Adegoke, have congratulated Muslims in Ekiti and Osun states and Nigeria in general as they commence another season of Ramadan.