Critics of Vladimir Putin took to the streets of Russian Federation on Saturday ahead of his inauguration for a fourth presidential term to register their opposition to what they say is his autocratic Tsar-like rule. Within days, Putin ordered special forces to seize the strategic Crimea peninsula and - after a hasty referendum rejected internationally - in March 2014 signed off on the region's annexation.
In 2012 Mr Putin returned as president, this time for a term of six years and in March elections, bagged support of masses.
But the 65 year-old Russian leader did not explain how he aimed to achieve these goals and solve the predominantly structural problems holding back the country's growth.
"We have revived pride in our fatherland".
By 1996, he was called to Moscow to work in the Kremlin under Russia's first democratically elected president Boris Yeltsin, who in 1998 made little-known Putin head of the KGB's successor, the FSB. But speculation has mounted in Moscow that Putin will seek to hold on to power in some way after 2024, perhaps by taking on a new, leader-of-the-nation role.
He stepped aside in 2008 to serve as prime minister under his protege, Dmitry Medvedev, as the law barred him from serving for two consecutive terms.
On Saturday Navalny and hundreds of his supporters were detained by police while protesting over Putin's new term under the slogan: "Putin is not our tsar".
"This year marks 25 years of the Russian constitution".
Special exhibition: Paris gallery opens doors to nudists
The BBC said the city of Paris a year ago designated a space for nudists in the Bois de Vincennes, or the Vincennes Woods. According to PNA there are 88,000 naturists in Paris alone and 2.6million members in France .
Putin is preparing to begin his fourth term as Russian president. A poll published shortly before the election by the state-owned Russian Public Opinion Research Center had Putin with a 69 percent approval rating, although over all, the government has a negative approval rating.
As prosperity grew, fuelled by oil and gas revenue, Mr Putin oversaw an increase in state power, rolling back independent media as well as political freedoms.
This year, Mr Putin's minders are reportedly planning a fairly low-key inauguration ceremony that will not include a lavish Kremlin reception in an apparent effort to eschew any bad publicity.
His decision to annex Crimea from Ukraine in 2014 sparked one of the biggest worldwide crises since the Cold War, incurring Western sanctions which continue to this day.
Foreign diplomats see little prospect that Russia's standoffs with the West that have dominated the past four years will ease during Putin's new term.
He said Russian Federation needs to build a free society.
But Independent political analyst Dmitry Oreshkin said the president's approach to the worldwide community would have to shift over the next term.