In April, the average concentration of carbon dioxide worldwide was 410.31 parts per million, which is the first time ever in Mauna Loa history that Earth has exceed 410 parts per million. Prior to the onset of the Industrial Revolution, CO2 levels had fluctuated over the millennia but had never exceeded 300 ppm at any point in the last 800,000 years.
In honor of the 60th anniversary of the Keeling Curve, Ralph Keeling of the Scripps CO2 Program shows how scientists make carbon dioxide measurements and gives a guided tour of the original instruments his father, Charles David Keeling, developed to start the famous record known as the Keeling Curve. The increase in GHGs such as carbon dioxide, methane, and nitrous oxide is fueling climate change and making "the planet more unsafe and inhospitable for future generations", the World Meteorological Organization has said.
The team revealed that the carbon dioxide level in the site hit 405.1 parts per million in 2016, which is 3 parts per million higher than in 2015. This also represents a 30-percent increase in carbon dioxide concentration in the global atmosphere since the Keeling Curve began in 1958. He was also the creator of Keeling Curve.
His very precise measurements produced a remarkable data set, which first sounded alarm bells over the build-up of the gas in the atmosphere, and eventually led to the tracking of greenhouse gases worldwide.
But the increase in carbon dioxide in the atmosphere began before the 1950s.
Passing 410 ppm "is important because it marks another milestone in the upward march of CO2", said Ralph Keeling, Scripps Carbon Project leader at the Scripps Institution of Oceanography in California.
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It was 50 years ago that a young American scientist, Charles David Keeling, began tracking Carbon dioxide in the Earth's atmosphere at two of the world's last wildernesses - the South Pole and the summit of the Mauna Loa volcano in Hawaii. "It puts us closer to some targets we don't really want to get to, like getting over 450 or 500 ppm".
"As a scientist, what concerns me the most is not that we have passed yet another round-number threshold but what this continued rise actually means: that we are continuing full speed ahead with an unprecedented experiment with our planet, the only home we have", Katharine Hayhoe, a climate scientist at Texas Tech University, tweeted Thursday.
Keelung told CNN: "This increase is a direct result of the massive release of carbon dioxide from the burning of fossil fuels".
Carbon dioxide warms our sea and atmosphere with the trapped radiations from the sun.
That is calamity is occurring for a few reasons, most dominant of which is that we're still consuming a bigger measure of petroleum derivatives every year.
As of the present, close to 200 nations have signed the Paris Climate Agreement of 2015, where world leaders mutually agreed to take steps to reduce greenhouse gas emissions and prevent the global average temperature from going more than 3.6 degrees Fahrenheit (two degrees Celsius) beyond pre-industrial levels.