"It is a snapshot of the media freedom situation based on an evaluation of pluralism, independence of the media, quality of legislative framework and safety of journalists in each country", the RSF said. Media coverage can also advance democracy, gender equality and sustainable development.
The main event to mark the day was held in capital Kabul, where on Monday a Daesh-claimed twin suicide bombing killed 29 people, including nine journalists and cameraman. The public looks up to the media to provide them information to, among other things, help them make critical life decisions.
We reckon that speaking truth to power has often come with painful backlashes and it is our hope that the government will continue to work with various media groups and stakeholders to ensure a conducive operating field.
According to FNJ, at least 62 cases of press freedom violation were recorded till date since May 4 previous year. "Legislation to protect independent journalism and plurality of viewpoints must be adopted to shape opinions".
Shab-e-Barat observed across Kashmir Valley
Special prayers were held in Masjid's shrines and other religious places including historic Jamia Masjid and Hazratbal shrine. Meanwhile, various religious leaders have appealed to the people to pray for the peace and prosperity of the country.
"Fiji must continue to develop its own jurisprudence on freedom of expression that balances its constitutional safeguards for the protection of freedom of speech, expression, thought, opinion and publication including freedom of the press with justifiable limitations set out in the Constitution that are consistent with global law which expressly provides that freedom of the press does not protect advocacy of hatred on any prohibited grounds of discrimination", Mr Raj said.
Kenya joined the rest of the world to celebrate freedom of the press this week under a hostile and uncertain environment for the media.
"It is with this understanding, current and past executives of the Media Association have called for further consultation on the Cyber Crime Bill and all new legislation or amendments which have the potential to criminalise professional journalists working in the public interest".
It is said that the European Union is founded on the values of democracy, human rights and the rule of law, on free and pluralistic media as enshrined in the EU's fundamental rights charter and that the press freedom plays a crucial role in promoting good governance, transparency, and accountability.