It took well over a year to determine if a woman who received a womb transplant would become the first in the U.S.to give birth, transplant surgeons in Dallas said Monday. The mother, who wishes to remain anonymous, was born without a uterus and underwent the transplant from a living donor past year at Baylor University Medical Center in Dallas, TX.
As of a year ago, the Swedish doctor who was the first in the world to deliver a baby as a result of a womb transplant had delivered five babies from women with such transplants, the AP reported. The woman who gave birth on Friday - the hospital is not identifying her - was born without a uterus.
According to CNN, doctors at the University of Gothenburg in Sweden successfully delivered a healthy 3.9-pound baby following a uterus transplant in 2014.
In a statement, Giuliano Testa, principal investigator of the uterine transplant clinical trial, called the first live birth as "a milestone" and "a attractive moment of love and hope for a mother who had been told she would never be able to carry her own child". Three were successful, and one of the patients is already pregnant. Four other women had transplants that failed and had to have the organs surgically removed.
The hospital has not revealed many details surrounding the birth, including when the baby boy was born.
As estimated 50,000 women in the United States could benefit from this type of surgery, according to the New York Times.
In order to be considered for Baylor's study, women must be between 20 and 35 years old and have functional ovaries but either no uterus or one that is not functioning.
Baylor University Medical Center at Dallas
The fact that the uterus transplant success in Sweden can be replicated is a promising sign for thousands of women who have been unable to conceive.
Testa added that the successful birth "was really something that totally changed my mind about many things I thought were set".
"We are very humbled by understanding the depth of the desire of these women to carry their own pregnancy", he said.
Last month, Penn Medicine in Philadelphia said it would start offering womb transplants. The first four cases involved "altruistic" donors - unrelated and unknown to the recipients.
The team of doctors behind the study praised the determination of the women taking part. After the first or second pregnancy, the donated uterus is to removed.
The group said it is convening experts to develop guidelines for facilities that want to offer womb transplants.
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