Police found the body of Ummar Khan, 35 on Friday on railway tracks in Alwar district, in the northwestern state of Rajasthan.
"It is a clear case of murder over the issue of cow protection and we have also found that the victim was running a cow-smuggling racket", Prakash said.
Hardline Hindu groups have gained prominence since Prime Minister Narendra Modi's nationalist Bharatiya Janata Party came to power in 2014, and the protection of cows, considered holy by many in the Hindu-majority country, is a priority for them.
The two were being interrogated and a hunt is on for the other accused, he said.
Mohammad too had been absconding since 2012 in a case under the Rajasthan Bovine Animal Act, Alwar superintendent of police Rahul Prakash told Indian Express. His uncle Iliyas Muhammed said that the two were not transporting the cow for slaughter objective. As per the CO, a second FIR was lodged Sunday under IPC section 302 (murder) and 201 (causing disappearance of evidence of offence) following a complaint by Umar's family members. "When it did, they first threw nails in its path, but the pick-up truck moved on for a few metres", Rana said, adding that the two have claimed that "people in the pick-up truck first fired at them, and so they returned fire". "There has been several such incidents when Gau Rakshaks have even stopped empty trucks and robbed the driver", said the Sarpanch.
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"Ummar, Tahir and Javed were habitual smugglers".
Umar, Tahir and Javed belong to Bharatpur and were traveling in a pick up van along with 5-6 cows. "The incident took place at night and police are acting on the case".
Their other demands included dismissal of Ramgarh station house officer, suspension of Alwar district SP, a compensation of Rs 25 lakh, land and a government job to the next of kin.
He said that Tahir Khan had informed that on their way back home they were attacked by six to eight people. The assailants opened fire in which Ummar Khan was shot dead and Tahir Khan sustained injuries, he added.