Word Diabetes Day: 2.1 Million women die of diabetes yearly

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Given the need of the hour to put forth this issue, this year's theme for World Diabetes Day observed on Tuesday is fittingly "Women and Diabetes - Our Right to a Healthy Future".

An unhealthy lifestyle - high calorie diet, inactivity and obesity - clearly plays a role, with urban registries recording more type-2 diabetes cases than rural ones.

Sports biomedicine graduate Bruce Smith, 23, who lives in Glasgow, has been living with type one diabetes since he was a child.

However, diabetes sufferers can't self-regulate in this way, leaving them at risk of hypoglycaemia (a "hypo") if their blood sugar levels fall too low, usually because they have taken too much insulin or haven't eaten enough food.

Type 2 diabetes is a progressive condition, so worsens over time, meaning some people will need more medication to control it as it progresses. Most importantly, it can be largely self-managed, meaning that your doctor will advise and support you in the course of treatment, but the choices you make will help determine your blood sugar level. The diet forces the body to burn fats rather than carbohydrates, (Wikipedia) and continuous health monitoring can reverse it (as proven in Virta's clinical trial: https://www.virtahealth.com/research).

"People believe that just because young people with type-2 diabetes don't need insulin, it is less sinister than type-1, but it's not so".

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The most common types of diabetes Type 1, a chronic condition in which the pancreas produces little or no insulin, Type 2, a chronic condition that affects the way the body processes blood sugar (glucose). People suffering from diabetes Type 1, their bodies function to transfer glucose extracted from food to be used by cells suffers fluctuations as their body does not produce insulin.

A1C is a blood test that measures your average blood sugar levels over the preceding three months - it is different than the blood sugar levels obtained from daily blood sugar checks.

According to the American Diabetes Association (ADA), food having lean proteins and that are low in saturated fat are good for diabetic patients like fish, salmon, turkey and also seafood with omega-3 fats. Early detection may help in prevention and controlling the disease. Packed with large amounts of an insoluble fibre called lignan, flaxseeds help in reducing the chances of heart complications and also the risk of strokes linked with diabetes. You have to do not forget to keep track and stay on top of a whole new routine and that can be overwhelming. Whole grains digest slowly to keep you blood sugar from spiking suddenly.

A diabetes diagnosis means changing the way you live in multiple ways. The natural sugars in beetroot don't get converted into glucose in the body too quickly which makes them good for diabetics.

'I will be injecting myself four or five times a day...

Access to essential diabetes medicines and technologies, self-management education and information are therefore the key to achieving optimal diabetes outcomes not only amongst women but also their families.