U.S. President Donald Trump said on Tuesday that fresh sanctions on North Korea approved by the U.N. Security Council were just a small step and "nothing compared to what ultimately will have to happen".
The UNSC also put a cap on the regime's imports of refined oil products, including gasoline, diesel and fuel oil, at 2 million barrels a year.
But on Monday, the U.N. Security Council adopted a watered down version of the USA proposals with caps on North Korea's oil imports and a ban on textile exports.
"It was hard to find out how powerful the nuclear test was with the amount of xenon detected, but we can say the xenon was from North Korea", Choi Jongbae, executive commissioner, told a news conference in Seoul.
The initial draft called for a complete oil ban and freezing North Korean leader Kim Jong Un's assets as well as the country's airlines, and although the new sanctions are watered-down, Roh said they send a crucial signal to North Korea: Their passage demonstrates a certain amount of unity between China, Russia, and the United States, on the potential nuclear threat North Korea might pose.
In a briefing at the Blue House's press center on September 12, spokesperson Park Soo-hyun stated that, "The resolution today signifies the global community's agreement and full-scale support on the need for stronger sanctions than [those in] previous Resolution 2371 in response to North Korea's nuclear test".
Under the measure, countries are authorized to inspect ships suspected of carrying banned North Korean cargo but must first seek the consent of the flag-state. It capped North Korea's oil exports, banned textile exports and prohibited countries worldwide from providing new work permits to North Korean workers. The council also froze the assets of three additional entities: the Central Military Commission, the powerful Organization and Guidance Department that directs key personnel appointments and the Propaganda and Agitation Department, which oversees the North's media and its censorship.
The US ambassador to the UN Nikki Haley, told the Security Council after the vote: "We don't take pleasure in further strengthening sanctions today".
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Peru declared the ambassador, Kim Hak-Chol, a persona non grata on Monday to protest North Korea's refusal to heed the world's "constant calls" to end its nuclear programme - giving him five days to leave the Andean country.
However, China's official Xinhua news agency said in a commentary that the Trump administration was making a mistake by rejecting diplomatic engagement with the North.
He called on anyone aware of efforts to enable North Korean trade to come forward before getting caught, warning: "We are closing in on North Korea's trade representatives".
Russian Ambassador to the UN Vassily Nebenzia said that Monday's resolution could be described as a "prologue" to a political settlement of the North Korea issue.
All those activities are thought to help fund the nuclear-weapons program.
The NSCC also said the xenon traces detected had no impact on South Korea's environment and population.
Liu said relevant parties should resume negotiations "sooner rather than later".