Census Bureau: Fewer Uninsured Americans In 2016 Than In Prior Years

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"Between 2015 and 2016, the rate of Medicare coverage increased by 0.4 percentage points to cover 16.7 percent of people for part or all of 2016 (up from 16.3 percent in 2015)", Census said in its report.

The data shows that 2016 was the third straight year the bureau found a decline in the share of people without health insurance. He made that a linchpin of his 2008 campaign, and his administration's effort to overhaul the nation's health system through the ACA focused on expanding coverage. By Jan. 1, 2016, 30 states opted to expand Medicaid. States that expanded Medicaid had an average uninsured rate of 6.5 percent compared with an 11.7 percent average among states that did not expand, the Census Bureau reported.

"For more than 10 years, MA has been a leader in providing access to health care coverage to everyone", MA secretary of health and human services Marylou Sudders said in a statement.

Job-based health plans covered nearly 56 percent of Americans, followed by 19.4 percent percent covered by Medicaid, and 16.7 percent covered by Medicare. Privately insured individuals get coverage through an employer or union, or buy it directly from an insurer or through a health insurance exchange.

Still, around 4.5 million Texans lacked health insurance, more than any other state.

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For expansion states, the uninsured rate ranged from 2.5 percent in MA to 14 percent in Alaska. Meanwhile, 10.5% of black people and 7.6% of Asians were uninsured. For non-expansion states, the rates ranged from 5.3 percent in Wisconsin to 16.6 percent in Texas.

The data also showed that adults over age 65 and children under age 19 were more likely to have health insurance than working-age adults.

Uninsured rates varied videly between states. Despite the drop, Texas still reported the highest uninsured rate of all 50 states - and nearly double the national uninsured rate of 8.8 percent.

Shelby Livingston is an insurance reporter. She has a master's degree in journalism from Northwestern University's Medill School of Journalism and a bachelor's in English from Clemson University.