President Vladimir Putin said on Monday that even though North Korea possess a nuclear arsenal, sanctions against Pyongyang are useless.
Seoul has hardened its stance against Pyongyang after its torrent of arms tests, the latest on Sunday being a detonation of what North Korea said was a thermonuclear weapon built for missiles capable of reaching the USA mainland.
South Korea has also pushed for moves to cut off Pyongyang's key supplies of fuel oil, but Russian Federation has dismissed such a call, while China is also reluctant to take measures that could trigger instability or a refugee exodus on its frontier.
"The US will receive more gift packages from my country as long as it relies on reckless provocations and futile attempts to put pressure on the DPRK", Han Tae-song said, referring to the acronym for the country's official name, the Democratic People's Republic of Korea. Rattled by the test, South Korea on Tuesday conducted live-fire exercises at sea in its second straight day of military display.
The aim of stronger sanctions was to draw North Korea into dialogue, he said. That test, along with a series of missile launches, showed Pyongyang was close to achieving its goal of developing a powerful nuclear weapon that could reach the United States.
The resolution drafted by the United States includes a ban on country's exports of textiles which are the second largest export material of North Korea after minerals and earns around $752 million per annum.
"We will respond to the barbaric plotting around sanctions and pressure by the United States with powerful counter measures of our own", read a statement delivered at an Asian economic summit in Russian Federation on Thursday.
North Korea greeted the proposal with a threat.
"Both heads of state agreed to cooperate closely with each other and the United States and shared the understanding there must be the most powerful sanctions and pressure applied on North Korea", presidential Blue House spokesman Park Su-hyun said.
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While describing additional sanctions as "the road to nowhere", Putin said Russian Federation was prepared to discuss "some details" around the issue, without elaborating.
Chinese foreign ministry spokesman Geng Shuang also reiterated Beijing's opposition to South Korea's deployment of the US Terminal High-Altitude Area Defence System, also known as THAAD, which is meant to protect against North Korean missile attacks. Two launchers had already been deployed.
The comments came just hours before the United States made a formal request for a UN Security Council vote on tough new sanctions against the repressive regime.
In a diplomatic victory for the Trump administration, the United Nations last month approved sweeping new sanctions targeting roughly one-third of the North's economy, with China's support.
"We should not give in to emotions and push Pyongyang into a corner", Putin said in a news conference after meeting with Moon.
Speaking after the talks, the two men said that resolving the North Korea crisis as soon as possible was their top priority but they appeared to have diverging views on the problem.
Mr Abe told reporters he wants to discuss the North Korea situation with Mr Putin and Mr Moon separately when they meet on the sidelines of an Eastern Economic Forum.
In July, it tested two intercontinental ballistic missiles (ICBMs) that appeared to bring much of the mainland U.S. into range.